Prague is one of the top tourist destinations in Europe and it’s hard for anyone to not recognize the name of the iconic Czech city.
Cathedrals that touch the sky, charming cobblestone streets, and golden towers grace almost every inch of this popular location.
Although the city boasts much of its original architecture, there is a modern side as well. Electrifying nightlife, impressive music, and exquisite dining venues are just a few of the things to do in Prague today.
If you are planning on traveling to Prague in the near future, it is likely you have received many recommendations from friends and family for things to do while you are there.
Of course, it’s wise to take their suggestions into consideration and hit all of the top spots you can (especially if their suggestions include anything to do with beer, potato soup or apple strudel).
However, we have a list that will help you hit the best points of interest in Prague while you are there. And, if you fit these must-see places in Prague into your itinerary we guarantee you won’t regret a thing!
So, without further ado, here are the best things to do in Prague.
Best things to do in Prague
What better way to start out your Prague vacation than by visiting one of the most iconic venues in the entire city – Charles Bridge.
Built during the 15th Century this beautiful structure has withstood the test of time despite some challenges along the way.
Although many of the statues that decorate the bridge have been replaced by replicas over time, the ice guards, bridge towers, and romantic arches truly make it a site worth seeing.
The best way to see the Charles Bridge in Prague is to get up close and personal on foot. At nearly any time of day or night, you will find the paved walkway filled with pedestrians on foot.
As you walk across you can take your time, stopping to soak up the view of the Vltava River and beautiful cityscape on each side. Of course, it is highly recommended to get out your camera and snap a few pictures as well!
While crossing the Charles Bridge it’s difficult not to feel like you are standing on sacred ground. So much history has passed across and underneath the bridge that you can almost imagine the stories the structure would tell if it could talk.
And, when you make the Charles Bridge one of your top things to do in Prague, you become a part of history as well.
From the Charles Bridge, you can see the intimidating towers of the Prague Castle. This iconic Prague structure has a one-of-a-kind architectural look that reflects its rich history.
The first walled structure in the Prague Castle was the Church of the Virgin Mary built in the year 870. Then, over time, structural elements were added to create a fortress to protect Prague and also to allow for a presidential residence.
You can see all the Prague Castle has to offer on one of the multiple walking tours offered by the location. During your tour, you will be able to take in beautiful gardens, serene courtyards, endless palace hallways, grand ballrooms, and breathtaking tower views.
With all there is to see, it is easy to spend nearly an entire day on the historic grounds of the Prague Castle.
If you don’t want to take a guided tour, you can always opt to walk the grounds yourself and just observe the wonder. Or, you can purchase an audio guide at the castle to give you insight on some of the best spots to stop and see.
No matter how you tour the castle, however, it is guaranteed you will remember it for the rest of your life.
St. Vitus Cathedral
If you’re making a stop at Prague Castle, you will undoubtedly also see St. Vitus Cathedral.
As one of the most iconic cathedrals in the world and the most important Cathedral in the Czech Republic, it is recommended to take a little extra time at this location and make it one of the most important stops on your list of things to do in Prague.
Created with a Gothic architectural structure, the towering spindles, and intricately designed stained glass windows will certainly take your breath away.
The historic landmark is a burial ground for many saints and also offers many chapels off of the main sanctuary space. One of the chapels, St. Wenceslas Chapel, boasts intricate paintings on its walls as well as embedded precious stones that make it one-of-a-kind.
When putting the St. Vitus Cathedral on your itinerary you should allow at least an hour of your time to take it all in. Perhaps even more if you want to read or hear all about the rich history of worship by kings, queens, and other royals on the grounds.
Whatever you do, make sure the St. Vitus Cathedral is not something you miss on your list of things to do in Prague.
Prague Astronomical Clock
Believe it or not, the world’s oldest astronomical clock is located in the heart of Prague, and nearly six centuries after it was built it is still ticking and tocking away. That’s why the Prague Astronomical Clock MUST be included on your list of things to do in Prague.
The clock itself is absolutely stunning in both size and design. It sits high above the Old Town Hall inside of a large stone chamber built specifically to house all of the mechanical workings of the clock.
During the day, when the clock strikes the hour, a procession of 12 mechanical apostles marches around the clock.
This is one of the most well-known and highly anticipated features of the clock. Although you can see the clock and all of its glory while walking the streets past Old Town Hall we recommend getting up close and personal to really experience its beauty.
Old Town or Staré Město is the true heart of Prague, always filled to the brim with people, unique energy and important points of interest.
In fact, the Old Town square is where you’ll find a myriad of beautiful churches, museums, galleries and other significant historical monuments and buildings.
Overlooking the square is the famous Astronomical Clock – a majestic structure and very much a symbol of the city.
The elegant Kinsky Palace from the 18th century is located opposite the clock while the important monument of Jan Hus is standing halfway between the two structures.
After discovering all there is to see in the Old Town Square take a stroll around the historical and narrow streets of Staré Město.
Walk along Ovocny Street that used to host an important fruit market. Move on to the ancient streets of Celetna, Jakubska and Stupartska where you’ll come across monuments such as the Powder Tower, Municipal House and Church of St. James the Greater just to name a few.
Prague Old Town is a pedestrian zone where you aren’t going to be disturbed by car traffic. This means you can enjoy endless walks around the area and concentrate on the beauty of what you see.
In the summertime, the Old Time squares fill up with cute restaurants tables where you can enjoy a meal or have a drink in a one-of-a-kind setting.
Church of Our Lady before Tyn
One of the most important buildings located in the Old Town is the Church of Our Lady before Tyn – an impressive gothic structure from the 14th century.
It took over 100 years to complete this church and it has been dominating the Old Town Square ever since.
The two towers of the church (80 meters high) are its most characteristic features and so is the huge golden chalice situated in between.
The interiors are very rich, with a breathtaking altar and many amazing details.
Mala Strana which means Lesser Town is another important area of Prague and a fascinating point of interest for all the visitors.
Dating back to the 13th century, Mala Strana overflows with historical marvels and stunning ancient buildings.
The life here revolves around the Lesser Town Square – a magical place that looks as if it is straight out of a storybook.
What you can expect to see are the romantic narrow streets with a surreal atmosphere, stunning baroque palaces that have been around for centuries and ancient statutes of inestimable value.
Some of the attractions in Mala Strana you simply can’t miss are Wallenstein Palace, St. Nicholas Church, St Thomas’ Church, and Thun-Hohenstein Palace but the list of things to see is much longer and we recommend visiting as many as you can.
One of the most fun things to do in Prague is visiting the Dancing House which is an inspiring example of modern architecture.
Since the year of its completion in 1996, the building has had its fans and opponents but what’s sure is that it definitely draws attention and stands out among all the other historical buildings.
If you’re into architecture or simply like to discover original structures around the world then the Dancing House in Prague is a must-see for you.
Anyone looking for a perfect photo opportunity of the city from above should go all the way up to the top of the building. There, you’ll find a glass bar where after buying a drink you can admire a splendid panorama of Prague and snap as many pictures as you wish.
In the evening, when it’s dark outside and all the lights are on the Dancing House is even more picturesque and calls for a romantic walk in the area.
The Powder Tower
The Powder Tower which is sometimes called Powder Gate as well is one of the most important historical sites in Prague and a must-see on our itinerary.
The tower comes in a gothic style and is situated at the entrance of the Old Town, welcoming millions of tourists every year.
The history of the Powder Tower reaches back to the 15th century when it was part of the original group of 13 city gates.
This is also where the Way of the Coronation used to begin and that is the path that the future Bohemian kings had to make on the day of their coronation to reach the Prague Castle.
After a couple of centuries since its construction, the Powder Tower was used to store gunpowder which explains the meaning behind its name.
It is also possible to go inside, where after climbing the 186 steps that lead to the observation platform, you can admire the Old Town at a height of 44 meters.
Once there you may also want to dedicate some time to see the permanent exhibition which displays photographs and historical information on all 13 towers of the city.
Josefov – the Jewish Quarter
Josefov is a place where the Jewish community of Prague lived and worked and one of the most important historic districts in the city.
The Jewish Quarter is a fascinating location with a myriad of points of interest that tell an absorbing story of those who lived there a long time ago.
Most of the historical buildings have survived the Second World War which means we can still visit the important synagogues, churches, Jewish Town Hall and of course the famous Old Jewish Cemetery.
Old Jewish Cemetery in Josefov
The Old Jewish Cemetery from 1478 is one of the most visited spots in the Jewish Quarter.
For over 300 years it served as a place of burial for the Jewish community and it is home to more than 12.000 graveyards.
When you walk around this ancient cemetery you’ll come across graves of many renowned personalities. You’ll see the tomb of the Jewish astronomer Rabbi David Ganz, located near the Pinkas Synagogue.
Then moving to the right you’ll find the tomb of David Oppenheim – an important rabbi of Prague.
One of the most visited tombstones in the Old Jewish Cemetery belongs to Rabbi Loew who is considered to be one of the most impactful personalities in the Jewish community.
Make sure to also visit the most ancient grave in the cemetery that belongs to Avigdor Kara who was a rabbi and a poet.
Of course, you could spend an entire day exploring this cemetery, soak in its mystical atmosphere and pay respect to those buried here.
Neighboring with the Old Jewish Cemetery there is the Klausen Synagogue from the 17th century.
This important building has been rebuilt multiple times in the past and nowadays is home to a museum with exhibitions regarding everyday life and customs of the Jewish community.
Right next to the Klausen Synagogue lies another point of interest we recommend visiting – the Jewish Ceremonial Hall.
Another place you simply can’t miss on your list of things to do in Prague, located near the Old Jewish Cemetery is the Pinkas Synagogue.
It was founded in 1479 which means it is one of the oldest surviving synagogues in Prague.
This historic structure is dedicated to the Czechoslovak victims of the Theresienstadt concentration camp.
The Pinkas Synagogue is home to an exhibition of pictures drawn by children in the concentration camp in Theresienstadt while the walls are filled with the names of the Holocaust victims.
Old New Synagogue
When visiting Prague and the Jewish Quarter in particular one of the most important places to see is definitely the Old New Synagogue.
Dating back to the 13th century, this gothic structure is the oldest synagogue in Europe that attracts a huge amount of travelers from all over the world.
Through the years, the Old New Synagogue has been a crucial place in the lives of the Jewish community, an important religious center but many times also a shelter when escaping from persecutions.
Once inside, pay attention to Rabbi Loews chair and to the platform where Torah scrolls (the holiest book in Judaism) are kept.
Jewish Town Hall
Right next to the Old New Synagogue you’ll find the Jewish Town Hall from the 16th century.
It is not possible to go inside so you can only see the building from outside, admire its Renaissance style and take as many photos as you wish.
The Jewish Town Hall features two beautiful clocks: one with Roman numerals and one with Hebrew numerals and with anticlockwise movement.
The Jewish Town Hall is a charming part of the Jewish Quarter and it is certainly worth stopping by it when you walk around Josefov.
The High Synagogue neighboring with the Town Hall was built in the middle of the 16th century and destroyed during the Great Fire around a century later.
Rebuilt soon after, the High Synagogue nowadays hosts an exhibition of religious objects.
The Maisel Synagogue started as a private chapel for Mordecai Meisel – an important Jewish personality who lived in the 16th century, and for his family.
Just like the High Synagogue, also the Maisel Synagogue was destroyed during the Great Fire and it was later replaced with a new one.
Inside, there is an interesting exhibition where you can learn a lot about the history, traditions, customs, and ways of life of the Jews.
The Spanish Synagogue was completed in 1868 and it took place of an older synagogue from the 12th century.
The architecture of this synagogue is really beautiful, especially inside decorations are so rich, exotic, colorful and strongly inspired by the art of Arabic period of Spanish history.
It also hosts a permanent exhibition about the History of the Jews in Bohemia and Moravia.
The Spanish Synagogue is also where many musical events are held so you should look into that if you love classical music.
One of the most important things to do in Prague and one of the most beautiful buildings in the city is the Municipal House.
Located a stone’s throw away from Prague Old Town this place is a must-see on our sightseeing itinerary.
The Municipal House, which is a perfect example of Art Nouveau style makes an ideal photo opportunity and is a real treat for all the architecture lovers out there.
Inside, there is a concert hall, a choice of shops and restaurants and also art exhibitions which change frequently.
If you really want to take the most of this place and learn all about its history we recommend taking a guided tour. Tours are available in English and last about one hour during which you’ll gain many insights regarding all the rooms.
Also, if you want to have lunch in a picturesque setting go to one of the prestigious restaurants located inside the Municipal House – high-quality food and unique atmosphere are guaranteed.
Franz Kafka Museum
Franz Kafka is considered to be one of the most important Czech writers so it comes as no surprise that there is an entire museum in Prague dedicated to his work and life.
The Franz Kafka Museum is a quirky place that describes a relationship of the author of “The Trial” with the city of Prague.
You will be able to to see Prague with Kafka’s eyes, read his letters, diaries and look at his old photographs.
It is pretty dark inside so the atmosphere is mysterious and unlike any other regular museum, you visited before.
If you like Kafka’s books you’re very likely going to love this museum and knowing his novels helps to appreciate this place more.
Address: Cihelná 635/2b, 118 00 Malá Strana, Prague
Opening Hours: Daily from 10 am to 6 pm
Ticket Price: CZK 200
…and other museums in Prague
Among all the cities I’ve visited, Prague must be the one with the “weirdest” selection of museums in the world.
In fact, along with the traditional national museums with collections regarding art, culture, and history, there is also a wide choice of original and amusing museums that guarantee a fun few hours.
Depending on your interest and on how much time you’ve got choose one or more of the following museums.
The National Museum
The National Museum features a huge collection of art, history, and culture related objects and is a perfect place for anyone interested in learning more about the Czech Republic.
Also, if you’re into architecture you’ll fall in love with the main hall of the museum that welcomes all the visitors.
The Museum of Communism
If you’re passionate about history you should put this place on your list of things to do in Prague.
It’s a really interesting experience to see the representation of media propaganda, economy, history, education and daily life in general during those difficult times.
Antonin Dvorak Museum
Dedicated to the Czech composer, author of the New World Symphony and the Cello Concerto just to name a couple.
A great place for all the fans of this American company and of its founder Steve Jobs.
Czech Beer Museum
The most popular drink in the country actually has its own museum in Prague. Apart from learning some history, you will get to taste some beer and have a possibility to make your own bottle with a personalized label on it.
If you’re coming to Prague with children you should take some time and visit the world’s largest Lego museum.
You’ll even have a chance to see the Prague Astronomical Clock made entirely from Lego pieces.
There are also some historical models displayed so you’ll get a glimpse of history as well.
One of the most important things to do in Prague and also the most majestic building in the city is the National Theater.
This great structure which dates back to 1868 represents a real architectural marvel and is a crucial cultural institution in the Czech Republic.
The National Theater is located by the river which means it is also visible from the Charles Bridge. In fact, you can take some really beautiful pictures of it to form there.
One of the first things you’re going to notice when visiting National Theater is the golden frieze located on the roof.
Moving inside, you’ll be overwhelmed by the beauty of the interiors with a breathtaking ceiling and elaborated details.
The place is filled with impressive marbles, busts, paintings chandeliers, lamps, and frescoes.
When visiting Prague, it is highly recommended to book a ticket to see one of the theater’s performances.
At the National Theatre, there is always a stunning repertoire of opera, drama and ballet performances that will make you live a moving and unique experience.
Make sure to only use the official booking offices and their authorized partners in order to avoid scams and dishonest vendors.
When traveling to another country, trying their typical dishes is a must (especially for those of us who love to eat).
So when in Prague, engaging in a little culinary adventure and tasting the Czech classic cuisine comes highly recommended.
Czech food revolves mainly around meat and potato dishes so expect plenty of schnitzels, goulash and tartare.
If you have a sweet tooth there are many delicious options waiting for you in Prague.
The most famous dessert in Prague: Trdelnik
One of the most famous desserts to eat in Prague (although mainly among the tourists) is trdelnik – a pastry-like cake filled with chocolate, cream and many different options to choose from.
When it comes to more traditional Czech treats there are the buchty – yummy sweet buns, vetrnik pastries – mouthwatering cream puffs and also the amazing sweet fruit dumplings.
As you can see, there is no shortage of delicious options available in Prague that will satisfy even the most demanding foodie travelers.
In the heart of Prague, in a picturesque position above the Vltava river lies Petrin Hill.
Filled with parks and gardens, Petrin Hill offers many attractions for those who manage to climb the 327 meters to reach the summit (save the funicular railway for a way back when you’re too tired to walk).
One of the main attractions in Petrin Hill is the Petrin Tower which looks a lot like the famous Eiffel Tower.
If you want to admire the amazing view of Prague and see all the famous point of interest from above you should definitely reach the observation platform.
There is no better place in the city to take as many photos as possible and soak in the splendid panorama of Prague.
Make sure to also visit the Mirror Maze located nearby which is a mirrored wooden labyrinth and a fun place to see.
You don’t have to be an astronomy fan to appreciate Štefánik’s Observatory with beautiful telescopes inside
Other attractions certainly worth visiting, located on the Petrin Hill are the Hunger Wall, Rose Garden, St. Michael the Archangel Church and the Church of Saint Lawrence.
There is also the touching Memorial to the victims of Communism which represents bronze male statues, which gradually disappear on the stairs and symbolizes gradual and consequent progressive mental and physical exhaustion of political prisoners.
Not everybody who visits the capital of the Czech Republic knows that the famous Prague Castle isn’t the only fortress in the city.
In fact, there is the Vysehrad as well which is an interesting historic site dating back to the 10th century.
You can start exploring the area from the beautiful Park (Vyšehradské sady), admire the nineteenth-century monuments dedicated to the characters from Czech legends and fairy tales and spend some time surrounded by splendid nature of this place.
Then move on to the gothic Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul which features two amazing towers that are visible even from the most distant points of Prague.
Behind the church, you’ll find the Vyšehrad Cemetery which is a place of burial for many important Czech personalities.
Other significant points of interest in Vysehrad are Rotunda of St. Martin – a small stone chapel from the 11th century, the Devil’s Column and ruins of Libuse’s Bath which are also an excellent viewpoint of the Vltava River and of the entire city.
For the best points of interest of the capital city of Hungary check out our guide regarding things to do in Budapest. If you’re headed to Italy don’t miss the articles about things to do in Milan and about Verona as well!
Prague Hotels – Where To Stay in Prague
Budget and Medium-Range Hotels in Prague
Bleisure Apartments & Spa
If you’re looking for nice accommodation at affordable prices check out the Bleisure Apartments & Spa.
You can choose between different types of apartments – all of which come with a well-equipped kitchen, bathroom and a bedroom/living room area.
Having a fridge and an oven means you’ll be able to prepare and store your own meals – especially helpful when traveling on a budget.
If, on the other hand, you decide to splurge a bit, you can take advantage of the fantastic spa and wellness center available.
Hostel Downtown is one of the most affordable options right in the heart of Prague, only a short walk away from the Old Town Square.
If you’re traveling solo you can book a single bed in one of the dormitories while if you’re with your friends or family you could consider the different rooms options.
There is also a shared kitchen available for all guests and a possibility to buy ready breakfast as well.
The Republic Garden
The Republic Garden is another interesting option for those traveling on a budget located in central Prague.
This hostel offers beds in cozy rooms and you can keep your valuables in the lockers provided inside the room.
Some rooms have a kitchen area available and there is a tea/coffee maker in all rooms.
This hostel basically neighbors with the Palladium Shopping Centre so you’ll have a wide choice of shops and restaurants within a walking distance.
High-End Hotels in Prague
Hotel Kings Court
Hotel Kings Court is a 5-star structure located in central Prague which offers stylishly furnished rooms with high-level amenities.
Many of the important points of interest are situated close enough to reach by walking and you’ll be in the Old Town Square in a matter of minutes.
If you want to relax after an intense day of sightseeing, you can take advantage of an indoor pool and of a Finnish sauna.
There is also a restaurant and a bar available on-site which serve great food and amazing drinks.
COSMOPOLITAN Hotel Prague
If you’re looking for a luxury hotel in the heart of the city you should definitely consider the COSMOPOLITAN Hotel Prague.
Although the structure dates back to 1889, inside the hotel is modern and offers clean and spacious rooms ideal for a wonderful holiday in Prague.
There is also a small fitness center available for the guests and a lovely restaurant with an open kitchen.
Prague Marriott Hotel
Another fantastic 5-star option in central Prague is Prague Marriott Hotel.
If you’re planning a lot of sightseeing, this hotel is an excellent choice because it is located near many top attractions I listed in this article.
The rooms here are elegant yet very comfortable and most of them have an incredible view of Prague.
If you really want to get pampered during your stay in this city then consider booking the amazing presidential suite with executive lounge access and all the commodities.
There is also a well-equipped fitness center at this hotel so you don’t need to give up on your workouts.
With this list of things to do in Prague, you will certainly enjoy your time there and create a trip that will give you memories to last a lifetime! Safe Travels!